By the 1960s, many people across the United States were realizing that low literacy was an issue that needed addressing. A host of programs were created, many run by volunteers, to help people learn to read. Most of the focus back then was on reading and writing for English speakers, though some programs also understood that many people also needed English conversation and literacy skills and some classes included a focus on those skills as well.

Frank Laubach founded Laubach Literacy in 1955, and Ruth Johnson Colvin founded Literacy Volunteers of America in 1962. (In 2002, Laubach Literacy merged with Literacy Volunteers of America to form ProLiteracy Worldwide.) Thousands of  the volunteer literacy programs that grew up across the United States were based in these organizations, many following the Laubach Literacy method and focusing on concepts of “each one teach one”, and “if you can read, help someone who can’t”. These volunteer-based programs highlighted the immense value of volunteerism, and the power of personal attention and small-group relationships for adult learning. 

Understanding that, as in other states, there were thousands of Texas adults who had fallen through the cracks of the education system and could neither read nor write, in the early 1980s Margaret Eisenbeck proposed the first adult literacy program in Austin to the Texas Education Agency. Leveraging a small grant with sweat equity, she created the Travis County Adult Literacy Council. As the first Executive Director, she later expanded the program to become the Texas Adult Literacy Laubach.

On April 24, 1989, Texas Adult Literacy Laubach (TALL) incorporated in Austin, Texas, as a 501(c)3 non-profit organization of the national Laubach Literacy Action. TALL’s purpose was to address the needs of established and evolving literacy programs through communication, education, and public awareness.

In August 2000, a joint task force of Literacy Volunteers of America and Laubach Literacy Action formed the Texas Association of Adult Literacy Councils (TAALC). On August 24, 2001, the TAALC Task Force agreed to operate under the name of TAALC and to retain the 501(c)3 status of TALL.

In February 2008, the Board of Directors voted to update the name of the organization to LITERACY TEXAS. The new name reflected a new mission of inclusion to partner with city and county libraries, community colleges, universities, school districts, reading coalitions, community-based literacy councils, and faith-based literacy programs. 

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